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Officials and employees employed by the State are covered by the State Employees’ Pensions Act (VaEL).
In addition to them, VaEL also covers headmasters, teachers and other staff of comprehensive schools and the staff of private comprehensive schools and upper secondary schools who are born before 1970. In addition, all teachers who were employed on 31 December 1998 regardless of their date of birth, as well as some of the staff of private institutions receiving state aid are also covered by VaEL.
Persons employed by universities, who are born before 1 January 1980, are subject to the State Employees’ Pensions Act. Those born on 1 January 1980 and after are covered by the private-sector Employees Pensions Act (TyEL).
In the Finnish Defence Forces and the Finnish Border Guard, the State Employees’ Pensions Act is applied to both military staff and civilian personnel. VaEL includes regulations on military pension rights (= military pension scheme).
The President of Finland and Members of Parliament and the Cabinet also receive their pension from the state, but are not covered by VaEL. Those who have been awarded a five-year state grant for artists before 2009 and other beneficiaries of state grants for artists previously insured by the state receive their pension from Keva.
If you have had other employment relationships than those pertaining to the State Employees’ Pensions Act, you may receive other earnings-related pensions in addition to the state pension. Pension benefits vary somewhat between the employees of private and public sector employers.
If your earnings-related pension is small, you may also receive a national pension.
For further information on the earnings-related pension scheme and the various pension acts visit www.tyoelake.fi.